March 26, 2016
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I’m struck lately by the contradiction between the technological profusion of our society and our preoccupation with magic, paranormal, fantasy and the occult. As we rely on fruits of the scientific method such as self-driving cars and genetic engineering to solve our problems (of not knowing how to drive and not knowing how to stay healthy), we seem equally obsessed with an opposite mode of thinking and behaving.
The disconnect is especially evident in television, movies and the web. For every example like Apollo 13 and The Martian that celebrates the virtues of empirical thinking and technological ingenuity, five or six seem to promote a view of the world decidedly inconsistent with the scientific method and standard (that is, arguably Western) logic. A partial list includes:
- The Da Vinci Code
- Harry Potter
- The Secret
Films and Television:
See above, and –
- The Magicians
- The Vampire Diaries
- The Walking Dead
- Dungeons & Dragons (which originated as a board game in the 1970s and has since gone online)
- Final Fantasy
- Magic, the Gathering
Examples like The Secret and (to some extent The Da Vinci Code ) cross the line into magical thinking ‘belief systems’ which I have touched on here and here.
There’s more than one way to skin Schrödinger’s cat: A linear, empirical mode of thinking and understanding of the world does not necessarily give us a monopoly on reality. And books inspired by the occult (see H.P. Lovecraft) and shows such as theTwilight Zone have been around for a long time. But the more mainstream ambivalence about technology and the scientific method may be due to our disappointment and frustration with the world these have given us (or more accurately that we have created with them). It seems suspiciously coincidental that all the commercial hype over vampires and zombies seems to date from the information technology revolution of the 1980s and 1990s and the growth of the Internet hydra.
The line between the scientific method and magic in this world has not always been so clear. Isaac Newton dabbled in alchemy in between creating calculus and classic physics. Joseph Priestly, clergyman and discoverer of oxygen, pursued his Millennialist religious studies after absconding to Northumberland Pennsylvania at the forks of the Susquehanna, near where I grew up.
Harry Potter and Lord of the Rings exhibit a consistent internal logic and and science (or techne ) all their own — sort of literary alternate universes. Tolkien wrote of creating secondary worlds that adhere to their own laws.
I just recently uncovered the following essay I published in 1985 titled The New Magic.